SAIR41Excavations on the Site of Balmerino House, Constitution Street, Leith
by Ross HM White and Chris O'Connell
with contributions by Sue Anderson, Dennis Gallagher, George Haggarty, Derek Hall, Andrew Heald, Adam Jackson, Dawn McLaren and Catherine Smith.
ISBN 978 090 390 358 5
Published in March 2010 by The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, in association with The Council for British Archaeology and Historic Scotland, in Adobe Acrobat format. Available free of charge (see Terms & Conditions of Use).
The remains of the front of Balmerino House, built in 1631, were uncovered during an archaeological excavation at St Mary's Star of the Sea Roman Catholic Church, Constitution Street, Leith. The work also revealed several phases of medieval to post-medieval activity, and a small burial ground which predated the house. The earliest feature uncovered by the excavation was a well containing 13th- to 14th-century pottery. Large quantities of late to post-medieval pottery were recovered, as well as iron objects, glass and bone. The human remains comprised six adult males, although some were incomplete due to later disturbance. Of importance to the history of clay tobacco pipe manufacture in Scotland is a small assemblage of clay-pipe wasters and kiln waste dated c1630–40. The work was sponsored by Gregor Properties Ltd.
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|iii||Table of Contents|
|v||List of Illustrations|
|vi||List of Tables|
|4.1||Phase 1: medieval pits and a well|
|4.2||Phase 2: late medieval or early post-medieval midden deposit|
|4.3||Phase 3: early post-medieval quarry pits|
|4.4||Phase 4: skeletal remains and overlying midden layer|
|4.5||Phase 5: Balmerino House construction|
|4.6||Phase 6: demolition and modern levelling|
|5||Human Skeletal Remains by Sue Anderson|
|5.3||Metrical and morphological analysis|
|5.5.1||Congenital and developmental anomalies|
|5.5.4||Trauma and evidence of physical stress|
|5.6||Summary and discussion|
|6.1||Pottery by Derek Hall and George Haggarty|
|6.1.2||Late and post-medieval wares|
|6.1.4||Discussion and conclusions|
|6.2||Clay pipes by Dennis Gallagher|
|6.3||Ceramic building material and fired clay by Sue Anderson|
|6.3.3||Brick and tile|
|6.3.4||Terracotta by Adam Jackson|
|6.4||Stone by Adam Jackson|
|6.5||Glass by Sue Anderson|
|6.6||Metalwork by Sue Anderson|
|6.6.3||Nails and miscellaneous fittings|
|6.7||Vitrified material by Dawn McLaren and Andrew Heald|
|6.8||Worked bone by Catherine Smith|
|6.9||Animal bone by Catherine Smith|
|6.9.2||Ages of animals at death|
|6.9.3||Individual animal burials|
|6.9.5||Size of the animals|
|6.10||Overview of the finds and dating evidence by Sue Anderson|
|7.1||13th- to 15th-century occupation|
|7.2||15th/16th-century abandonment or cultivation?|
|7.3||16th-century sand quarrying|
|7.4||Late 16th-/early 17th-century burial ground|
|7.5||17th-century manor house and gardens|
|8||Conclusions with Sue Anderson|
Published by The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, in association with The Council for British Archaeology and Historic Scotland, in Adobe Acrobat format. Available free of charge (see Terms & Conditions of Use).
Use http://www.sair.org.uk/ to cite this page.
Page last modified by Seren Langley on Monday 22 March 2010.