SAIR 14:People and their monuments in the Upper Clyde Valley: a programme of survey, field walking and trial excavation in the environs of the Blackshouse Burn Neolithic enclosure, South Lanarkshire, 1989-99
by Olivia Lelong, Chris Barrowman, Mike Donnelly, the late Jerry Hamer and Lorna Sharpe
with a contribution by Torben Bjarke Ballin and illustrations by Caitlin Evans and John Arthur
Published in March 2005 by The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, in association with The Council for British Archaeology and Historic Scotland, in Adobe Acrobat format. Available free of charge (see Terms & Conditions of Use).
This report sets out the results of a programme of topographic survey, geophysical survey, field walking and trial excavation, carried out in 1998–99 and funded by Historic Scotland, in and around an extensive upland prehistoric landscape in the Upper Clyde Valley. It was designed to build on the results of limited excavation of a large, late Neolithic enclosure at Blackshouse Burn, South Lanarkshire (centred at NGR NS 9528 4046) and preliminary survey of nearby monuments undertaken in the 1980s, and to identify and characterize prehistoric settlement in the adjacent valleys through field walking. Topographic survey of the enclosures at Blackshouse Burn, Meadowflatts and Chester Hill, and of hut circles, clearance cairns and a possible ring cairn on Cairngryffe and Swaites Hills, recorded a complex ritual and domestic landscape: evidence of the longstanding prehistoric occupation of the Pettinain Uplands. The geophysical survey of Chester Hill enclosure found traces of internal structures and quarry scoop, while geophysical survey of part of the large Blackshouse Burn monument and smaller adjacent enclosure found evidence for a curvilinear feature in the large enclosure and a possible screen in its entrance. The systematic examination of ploughed fields in the valleys to the west and south-west of the upland monument complex discovered several concentrations of lithics, most notably evidence of late Mesolithic tool production and late Neolithic to early Bronze Age tool production and domestic activity. Trial trenches excavated over a late Mesolithic cluster at Carmichael found a knapping floor and several structural features.
Download the entire report as a single PDF file (c3MB). To view these files, you will need the Adobe Reader software (version 6 or later) or similar (suggestions below). On a PC, the easiest way to download the file is to click the right hand button on your mouse when the mouse pointer is over the above link and then use the 'Save Target As..' or 'Save Link As...' option to save the file to your local hard disk before opening it using the Reader software.
|Table of content|
|List of Illustrations|
|3||The context of the Blackshouse Burn Environs Project||O Lelong|
|3.1 Site location, topography and geology|
|3.2 Archaeological background|
|4||Aims, objectives and methodology||O Lelong with C Barrowman, M Donnelly, J Hamer, L Sharpe|
|4.1 General aims|
|4.2 Specific objectives|
|4.3.1 Topographic survey||O Lelong|
|4.3.2 Geophysical survey||J Hamer & L Sharpe|
|4.3.3 Field walking||C Barrowman & M Donnelly|
|4.3.4 Trial excavation||O Lelong|
|5||The results of the Blackshouse Burn Environs Project|
|5.1 The uplands: topographic and geophysical surveys||O Lelong, J Hamer & L Sharpe|
|5.1.1 Blackshouse Burn and Meadowflatts|
|5.1.2 Chester Hill|
|5.1.3 Cairngryffe Hill|
|5.1.4 Swaites Hill|
|5.2 The lower slopes and valleys: field walking and trial excavation||M Donnelly & O Lelong|
|5.2.1 The results of field walking||M Donnelly with T Ballin|
|5.2.2 Trial excavation at Carmichael|
|6.1 The lithic scatters in context||C Barrowman|
|6.2 The upland monument surveys|
|6.3 Prehistoric activity on the lower slopes and in the valleys||C Barrowman|
|7||Conclusions from the Blackshouse Burn Environs Project||O Lelong|
|8||Memorium to Jerry Hamer|
Published by The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, in association with The Council for British Archaeology and Historic Scotland, in Adobe Acrobat format. Available free of charge (see Terms & Conditions of Use).
Use http://www.sair.org.uk/ to cite this page.
Page last modified by Mike Heyworth (email@example.com) on Friday 18 March 2005.